This section allows cross-market comparisons.
Bond Market Data
Size of LCY Bond Market
Data vary across markets. For details download spreadsheet.
Size of Local Currency Bond Market (Local Sources)

This indicator shows the absolute amount of local currency (LCY) bonds outstanding in USD, categorized as government and corporates. Government bonds include obligations of the central government, local governments, the central bank, and state-owned entities. Corporates comprise both public and private companies including financial institutions and international organizations. Financial institutions comprise both private and public sector banks and other financial institutions.

Bonds are defined as long-term bonds and notes, treasury bills, commercial paper, and other short-term notes.
Note on the Data:

1.The total amount of LCY bonds outstanding is from:

CN: ChinaBond.

HK: Hong Kong Monetary Authority.

ID: Bank Indonesia; Indonesia Stock Exchange.

JP: Japan Securities Dealers Association.

KR: Bank of Korea; KoreaBondWeb.

MY: Bank Negara Malaysia.

PH: Bureau of the Treasury; Bloomberg, LP.

SG: Monetary Authority of Singapore; Bloomberg, LP.

TH: Bank of Thailand.

VN: Bloomberg, LP.

2. LCY bonds outstanding for Hong Kong, China; and Singapore include amounts of LCY bonds issued by nonresidents.

3. For Singapore, the Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS) publishes LCY corporate bonds outstanding on an annual basis only. Starting from 2007, quarterly LCY corporate bonds outstanding are AsianBondsOnline estimates. Q4 corporate data are revised upon availability of MAS data.

4. End-of-period exchange rates are from Bloomberg, LP.